DATE: February 1, 2019
TO: Randy Martin, Interim Town Manager
FROM: Josh Edmondson, CZO, Town Planner
SUBJECT: Proposed amendment to Remote Parking requirements in the Village West, Village East and Marina Village Zoning Districts - (Summary & Suggested Motions)
Currently the UDO allows remote parking as a means to meet the required off-street parking standards for uses that cannot be reasonably met on the site where the development occurs. The current UDO language is as follows:
If the off-street parking space required by this section cannot be reasonably provided on the same lot on which the principal use is located, such space may be provided on any land within four hundred (400) feet of the main entrance to such principal use, upon review by the Planning Board and approval by the Board of Commissioners.
In the current CAMA Landuse Plan for Emerald Isle, there are many policies, goals and implementing actions that support changes to the Town’s parking and remote parking requirements in order to accomplish development and redevelopment in the Village Districts. Below are several policies, goals, and implementing actions from the LUP that staff feel supports this amendment:
The Town strongly encourages overall land use and development patterns that support retention of the Emerald Isle’s small-town character, its existing quality of development, and its family atmosphere
The Town strongly encourages development practices that preserve important environmental features, provide a high quality living environment, address transportation needs, and emphasize compatibility with neighboring residential areas
The Town supports development of a more traditional “town center” that builds on development and redevelopment of the existing business areas. These development and redevelopment efforts should focus on providing a range of goods and services, serving both the year-round and transient population base, while establishing a sustainable built environment that has the potential to support a range of uses. These efforts align with the goal of preserving and enhancing Emerald Isle’s small town atmosphere. When considering future developments within these portions of Town, the following should be considered during design and approval phases of the project:
- The town center will encourage mixed uses such as retail services, restaurants, entertainment, and residences.
- It will take advantage of the ocean beach and strive to provide easy pedestrian and bike connections to surrounding neighborhoods and the sound.
- It will encourage interconnections between businesses and shopping centers that minimize the need for trips on NC 58
The Town supports transportation improvements that enhance area access and travel within the region without harming Emerald Isle’s “small town atmosphere.” These efforts shall include providing safe and convenient access between ocean- and sound-side portions of the Town, as well as expansion of pedestrian and bicycle transportation facilities
The Town will ensure that land use and development decisions and management of transportation facilities complement and enhance each other
The Town will continue a comprehensive stormwater management program that controls the amount and quality of stormwater in an effort to maintain and enhance water quality in the ocean, Bogue Sound, and Archer’s Creek
Apply stormwater ordinances to new private development and significant redevelopment of existing properties
The Town will ensure that its land use and development policies support the goal of maintaining and enhancing water quality
Encourage innovative development techniques and review current development regulations to identify opportunities to reduce impervious surfaces
All above policies, goals and implementing actions are found in Section 5 of the Landuse Plan. Furthermore, if you review Section 4 Future Demands there are issues brought through the public survey and public input meetings as being important. The issues relevant to our topic are as follows:
- Maintain the Town’s family-friendly atmosphere
- Limit development to single-family/duplex residential and mixed-use development patterns (as zoning currently permits)
- Continue to promote and invest in the Town’s commercial core
- Support redevelopment of the three areas of Town zoned for mixed-use development
- Continue environmental protection efforts (through land development regulations)
As the Town wishes to encourage mixed use development current parking regulations can be a prohibiting factor for these developments in the Village Districts. A more traditional approach similar to parking in downtowns would extremely benefit these developments. Considering all this, staff is proposing the following amendment to the remote parking standard as found in the UDO (new language in bold):
If the off-street parking space required by this section cannot be reasonably provided on the same lot on which the principal use is located, such space may be provided on any land within four hundred (400) feet of the main entrance to such principal use, upon review by the Planning Board and approval by the Board of Commissioners. In the Village East, Village West and Marina Village Zoning Districts, if the off street parking space required by this section cannot be reasonably provided on the same lot on which the principal use is located, such spaces may be provided by on-street parking spaces and/or facilities located within 200 feet of the principal use upon review of the Planning Board and approval by the Board of Commissioners, based upon a determination by the Board of Commissioners upon review of the application showing the location, design, cost, method of construction and payment, and other details, that such placement is in the public interest and/or will assist in economic development or provide access to nearby public facilities or attractions.
The key to this amendment is that it will be left to the discretion of the Planning Board and Board of Commissioners as to whether a development proposal needs to utilize on street parking as part of their project. The determining factors of such placement will be is it in the public interest and/or will assist in economic development or provide access to nearby public facilities or attractions. Staff feels there is a great need for this amendment to see the Village Districts come together as envisioned. Without some change to the parking standards, the development outlined in the Land Use Plan for these Districts may not happen.
The Planning Board forwards this to the Commissioners with a favorable recommendation stemming from their January 2019 meeting. Attached to this memo is an ordinance amending Chapter 6 Development Standards more specifically remote parking. I look forward to discussing this amendment with the Commissioners at their February 12, 2019 meeting.